Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2022 | nr 25(4) | 7--25
Tytuł artykułu

Conditions for the Sustainable Development of Electromobility in the European Union Road Transport from the Perspective of the European Green Deal

Warianty tytułu
Uwarunkowania zrównoważonego rozwoju elektromobilności w transporcie samochodowym Unii Europejskiej z perspektywy Europejskiego Zielonego Ładu
Języki publikacji
The article concerns the analysis of trends and policies supporting the development of zero-emission mobility, in accordance with the assumptions of the European Green Deal. The aim of the study is to identify and assess the essential factors determining the level of sustainability of the electromobility system in relation to individual car transport in the European Union. he article reviews strategies for the development of climate-neutral mobility as outlined in strategic documents, the European Green Deal and the "Fit for 55" package. The current state of development of the electric vehicle market and charging infrastructure is shown, which implies a number of challenges in the pursuit of emission-free mobility. A review of the literature on the subject and the results of the expert analysis confirmed the importance of national and regional policies in the uptake of electric vehicles. Taking active measures to increase the level of sustainability of the electromobility system should first focus on the further development of charging infrastructure, the creation of an EV battery value chain and the uptake of cars. The main expectations for the development of electromobility are to reduce CO2 emissions, reduce dependence on the supply of fossil fuels, increase the competitiveness and innovation of the economy, and reduce the social costs generated by transportation.(original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • University of Łódź, Faculty of Economics and Sociology, Department of Logistics
  • ACEA, 2021, Electric cars: lower-income countries fall behind, with uptake linked to GDP per capita, [access: 15.09.2022].
  • Ajanovic A., Haas R., 2017, The impact of energy policies in scenarios on GHG emission reduction in passenger car mobility in the EU-15, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 68, 1088-1096, DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.02.013.
  • Barrett J., Bivens J., 2021, The stakes for workers in how policymakers manage the coming shift to all-electric vehicles. Report, Economic Policy Institute, Washington.
  • Charging infrastructure for electric vehicles, 2021, European Court of Auditors.
  • Chinoracky R., Stalmasekova N., Corejova T., 2022, Trends in the Field of Electromobility - From the Perspective of Market Characteristics and Value-Added Services: Literature Review, Energies, 15(17), 6144, DOI: 10.3390/en15176144.
  • Coban H. H., Rehman A., Mohamed A., 2022, Analyzing the Societal Cost of Electric Roads Compared to Batteries and Oil for All Forms of Road Transport, Energies, 15(5), 1925, DOI: 10.3390/en15051925.
  • de Souza J. V. R., de Mello A. M., Marx R., 2019, When is an Innovative Urban Mobility Business Model Sustainable? A Literature Review and Analysis, Sustainability, 11, 5-18.
  • Directive 2014/94/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of October 22, 2014 on the development of alternative fuel infrastructure, 2014, OJ L 307, 28.10.2014, 1-20.
  • Du H., Liu D., Sovacool B. K., Wang Y., Ma S., Li R. Y. M., 2018, Who buys New Energy Vehicles in China? Assessing social-psychological predictors of purchasing awareness, intention, and policy, Transportation Research, Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 58, 56-69, DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2018.05.008.
  • EAFO, 2021a, Alternative fuels (electricity), charging infra stats, European Alternative Fuels Observatory, [access: 15.09.2022].
  • EAFO, 2021b, Vehicles and fleet, passenger cars, European Alternative Fuels Observatory, [access: 10.09.2022].
  • EEA Report, 2022, Transport and environment report 2021. Decarbonising road transport - the role of vehicles, fuels and transport demand, No 2.
  • Electric Vehicle Outlook 2020, 2020, Bloomberg NEF.
  • Electric vehicles from life cycle and circular economy perspectives, 2018, TERM 2018: Transport and Environment Reporting Mechanism, EEA, 13.
  • Electro-Mobility Changes Rules of Game for Automotive Industry, 2018, The FINANCIAL, September 5.
  • EU Battery Regulation Make New Demands on Industry, [access: 15.10.2022].
  • European Green Deal, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, 2019, the European Council, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, COM(2019) 640, Brussels.
  • Eurostat. Final energy consumption in road transport by type of fuel, (online data code: TEN00127), [access: 05.09.2022].
  • Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, 2020, Funding guideline for charging infrastructure for electric vehicles, [access: 27.09.2022].
  • France Relance recovery plan: building the France of 2030, 2020, France Diplomacy, [access: 15.10.2022].
  • Gallo M., Marinelli M., 2020, Sustainable Mobility: A Review of Possible Actions and Policies, Sustainability, 12(18), 7499, DOI: 10.3390/su12187499.
  • Gevaers R., de Voorde E., van Vanelslander T., 2014, Cost Modelling and Simulation of Last-mile Characteristics in an Innovative B2C Supply Chain Environment with Implications on Urban Areas and Cities, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 125, 410-411, DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.1483.
  • Global Energy Review: CO2 Emissions in 2021, 2022, IEA.
  • Global EV Outlook 2022, 2022, IEA, Paris.
  • Fit for 55: delivering the EU's 2030 Climate Target on the way to climate neutrality, 2021, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, COM(2021) 550, Brussels.
  • Gómez Vilchez J. J., Julea A., Lodi C., Marotta A., 2022, An analysis of trends and policies promoting alternative fuel vessels and their refueling infrastructure in Europe, Frontiers in Energy Research, 10, 904500. DOI: 10.3389/fenrg.2022.904500.
  • Hall D., Xie Y., Minjares R., Lutsey N., Kodjak D., 2021, Decarbonizing road transport by 2050: Effective policies to accelerate the transition to zero-emission vehicles, International Council on Clean Transportation.
  • Helmers E., Dietz J., Weiss M., 2020, Sensitivity Analysis in the Life-Cycle Assessment of Electric vs. Combustion Engine Cars under Approximate Real-World Conditions, Sustainability, 12(3), 1241, DOI: 10.3390/su12031241.
  • Holden E., Gilpin G., Banister D., 2019, Sustainable Mobility at Thirty, Sustainability, 11(7), DOI: 10.3390/su11071965.
  • IEA data, 2022, [access: 30.08.2022].
  • IPCC, 2022, Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, [access: 17.09.2022].
  • Jagiełło A., 2021, Elektromobilność w kształtowaniu rozwoju drogowego transportu miejskiego w Polsce, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, Gdańsk.
  • Jochem P., Plötz P., Ng W. S., Rothengatter W., 2018, The contribution of electric vehicles to environmental challenges in transport, Transportation Research, Part D: Transport and Environment, 64, 1-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2018.06.022.
  • Kester J., Noel L., Zarazua de Rubens G., Benjamin K., Sovacool B. K., 2018, Policy mechanisms to accelerate electric vehicle adoption: A qualitative review from the Nordic region, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 94, 719-731, DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2018.05.067.
  • Klecha L., Gianni F., 2018, Designing for Sustainable Urban Mobility Behaviour: A Systematic Review of the Literature, Springer, Switzerland, 137149, DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-61322-2_14, [access: 20.10.2022].
  • Kolz D., Schwartz M., 2017, Key Factors for the Development of Electro Mobility, WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 224, 225-233, DOI: 10.2495/ESUS170211
  • Kumar R. R., Kumar A., 2020, Adoption of electric vehicle: A literature review and prospects for sustainability, Journal of Cleaner Production, 253, DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119911.
  • Li L. L., Wang Z., Wang Q., 2020, Do policy mix characteristics matter for electric vehicle adoption? A survey-based exploration, Transportation Research, Part D: Transport and Environment, 87, DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2020.102488.
  • Liao F., Molin E. J. E., van Wee G. P., 2017, Consumer p for electric vehicles: a literature review, Transport Reviews, 37(3), 252-275, DOI: 10.1080/01441647.2016.1230794.
  • Licznik elektromobilności, 2022, [access: 17.08.2022].
  • Magalhães I., Santos E., 2022, Evaluating the potential of mobility plans for achieving sustainable urban development, Research in Transportation Business & Management, 43, DOI: 10.1016/j.rtbm.2021.100743.
  • Conditions for the sustainable development of electromobility in the European Union road transport from the perspective...24
  • Mantouka E. G ., Fafoutellis P., Vlahogianni E. I., Oprea G.-M., 2022, Understanding user perception and feelings for autonomous mobility on demand in the COVID-19 pandemic era, Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 16, DOI: 10.1016/j.trip.2022.100692.
  • Mężyk A., Zamkowska S., 2017, Rozwój polityki transportowej UE dla miast, Autobusy- Technika, Eksploatacja, Systemy Transportowe, 6, 1730-1736.
  • Milakis D., Van Arem B., Vanwee B., 2017, Policy and society related implications of automated driving: a review of literature and directions for future research, Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems, 21, 324-348, DOI: 10.1080/15472450.2017.1291351.
  • Moćko W., Wojciechowski A., Ornowski M., 2011, Perspektywy rozwoju rynku samochodów elektrycznych w najbliższych latach, Transport Samochodowy, 1(31), 56-69.
  • Moreno A. T., Michalski A., Llorca C., Moeckel R., 2018, Shared autonomous vehicles effect on vehicle-km traveled and average trip duration, Journal of Advanced Transportation, 1-16, DOI: 10.1155/2018/8969353.
  • Motowidlak U., 2020, Kierunki rozwoju mobilności niskoemisyjnej, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, Łódź.
  • Mouratidis K., 2022, Bike-sharing, car-sharing, e-scooters, and Uber: Who are the shared mobility users and where do they live?, Sustainable Cities and Society, 86, 104161, DOI: 10.1016/j.scs.2022.104161.
  • Netherlands Enterprise Agency, Electric transport in the Netherlands,
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.