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2022 | z. 164 Zarządzanie zasobami ludzkimi: perspektywy, wdrażanie i wyzwania = Human Resource Management : Perspectives, Implementation and Challenges | 69--83
Tytuł artykułu

Relations Between Exposure to and Acceptance of Mobbing - an Explorative Study on a Sample of Polish Employees

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Purpose: The aim of the study was to research how mobbing is experienced and (un)accepted by the employees of Polish organizations, and to check whether there are relations between experiencing and accepting mobbing behaviours. Design/methodology/approach: A quantitative study was conducted at the turn of 2019/2020 on a heterogeneous sample (N = 470) of Polish employees. The study was carried out with the implementation of the basic, 64-item version of the SDM Questionnaire, which is a validated (accurate, reliable) and normalized Polish psychometric tool for measuring workplace mobbing. It consists of 2 main scales: an SDM-IDM behavioural scale (Cronbach's α = 0.96), and an SDM-ODC cognitive-emotional scale (Cronbach's α = 0.97). Mobbing un(acceptance) was measured with a 43-item SDM-A scale, which was built upon the behavioural SDM-IDM scale. Due to the skewed scores' distribution, the statistical analyses were conducted with the implementation of non-parametric tests. Findings: The research results indicate that the acceptance of mobbing behaviours is just marginal between Polish employees, however men are more predisposed than women to accept mobbing in the workplace. Moreover, the research shows that the level of mobbing un(acceptance) is related to the level of mobbing exposure, as well as to the employees' sex. The more the employees are exposed to mobbing behaviours the more they are ready to accept them; this trend is more clear in the case of male than female employees. Research limitations/implications: One of the limitations of this research is that the direction of the relations between the exposure to and acceptance of mobbing cannot be determined, as the study did not have experimental nor longitudinal design. Practical implications: The obtained results suggest that employees who work in organizations which turn a blind eye on unethical workplace behaviours or even promote competition and aggression in the workplaces become less sensitive and more tolerant towards negative behaviours and mobbing. Furthermore, the understanding of organizational context and gender differences in mobbing acceptance should help professionals in the process of mobbing assessment and diagnosis, as well as in planning appropriate preventive measures and interventions. Originality/value: The paper address the existing gap in current scientific literature on the relation between mobbing exposure and acceptance across socio-demographic variables.(original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
Mobbing   Gender  
Mobbing   Płeć  
  • University of Wrocław
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