PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
1994 | nr 438 | 41--60
Tytuł artykułu

Wpływ europejskiego podatku węglowego na konsumpcję paliw i emisję gazów szklarniowych

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Effect of the European Coal Tax on the Consumption of Fuel and Emission of Greenhouse Gases
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
W artykule zaprezentowano propozycję Komisarza d/s Środowiska Wspólnot Europejskich, dotyczącą wprowadzenia podatku węglowego, mającego wymusić zmniejszenie konsumpcji paliw i tym samym obniżenie emisji CO2, przegląd szacunków jego skuteczności dla niektórych krajów europejskich w aspekcie ewentualnego wprowadzenia takiego podatku w Polsce.
EN
The paper is a review of studies on the effect of prices of energy on its consumption and on CO2 emission, carried out in some countries, members of the European Community. The paper starts with the presentation of the proposals of the Commission of European Communities. Then, the most important variables shaping the reaction of the patterns of energy consumption and CO2 emission on the introduction of the tax are succesively discussed. The paper ends with a set of conclusions being an attempt to summarize the results of the empirical studies. The most important conclusions are: 1) Short-term own price elasticities of the demand for energy are low, especially In the household sector; 2) Some long-term coefficients of cross price elasticity of the demand for fuel are rather high, which points to good substitutability, especially petroleum for coal in industry; 3) Dependence between the growth rate of disposable incomes and changes in the demand for energy is not straight forward; 4) In microeconomic terms the income effect weakens the impact of the price effect (especially when the income elasticity of demand is high). But in macroeconomic terms the income effect does not weaken but strengthens the impact of the price effect. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
41--60
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
Bibliografia
  • Anderson R.C., Hoffman L.A., Rusin M., The Use of Economic Incentive Mechanisms in Environmental Management, kserokopia, American Petroleum Institute, 1990.
  • Barker T., Lewney R., Macroeconomic Modelling of Environmental Policies: The Carbon Tax and Regulation of Water Quality, University of Cambridge, Department of Applied Economics, Kserokopia, 1990.
  • Boero G., Clarke R., Winters L.A., The Macroeconomic Consequences of Controlling Greenhouse Gases: A. Survey, HSMO Department of Environment, Environmental Economics Research Series, London 1991.
  • Bradley J., Gerald F., Modelling the Economic Effects of Energy Taxes: A. Survey, Paper presented at Energy Tax in Europe, Amsterdam 14.12.1991.
  • Brechling V., Smith S., The Pattern of Energy Efficiency Measures Amongst Domestic Households in the UK. Institute of Fiscal Studies, London 1992.
  • Department of Energy, The Demand for Energy, in: D. Helm, J. Kay, D. Thompson, The Market for Energy, Oxford: Clarendum Press, 1989.
  • Edmonds J., Barns B.W.; Estimating the Marginal Cost of Reducing Global Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions, PNL-SA-18361, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Washington D.C., 1990.
  • Edmonds J., Barns D.W., Factors Affecting the Long-Term Coat of Global Fossil Fuel CO2 Emission Reductions. Global Environmental Change Program, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Washington D.C., 1990.
  • Edmonds J., Reilly J.M., Long J., Term Global Energy-Economic Model of Carbon Dioxide Release from Fosssil Fuel Use, "Energy Economics" 1983, No. 5, p. 74-88.
  • Environmental Action Programme for Central and Eastern Europe, Document Submitted to the Ministerial Conference, Lucerne 1993.
  • Hunt L., Manning N, Energy price- and income elasticities of demand: some estimates for the UK using the cointegration procedure, "Scottish Journal of Political Economy" 1989, vol. 36, No. 2, p. 183- 193.
  • Ingham A., Maw J., Ulph A., Empirical Measures of Carbon Taxes, "Oxford Review of Economic Policy" 1991, vol. 7, No. 2, p. 99-122.
  • Johnson P., McKay S., Smith S., The Distributional Conseqences of Environmental Taxes, IFS Commentary No 23, Institute for Fiscal Studies, London 1990.
  • Karadeloglou P., Energy Tax Versus Carbon Tax: A Quantitative Macroeconomic Analysis with the Hermes-Midas Models, in: European Economy, Special Edition No 1, The Economics of Limiting CO2, Commission of the European Communities, Brussels 1992.
  • Lynk E., The Demand for Energy by UK Manufacturing Industry, "The Manchester School"' 1989, vol. LVII, No. 1, p. 1-16.
  • Manning N., Household demand for energy in the UK, "Energy Economics" 1988, vol. 9, No. 1, p. 59-79.
  • Mintzer I.M.; A Matter of Degrees: The Potential for Controlling the Greenhouse Effect, Research Report
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000000000788

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.