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2003 | nr 635 | 43--56
Tytuł artykułu

Teorie integracji a grupy nacisku na poziomie Unii Europejskiej

Warianty tytułu
Theories of Integration and Pressure Groups in the European Union
Języki publikacji
W opracowaniu omówiono wpływ grup nacisku na procesy integracyjne zachodzące w Unii Europejskiej. Zaprezentowano teorie, kładące główny nacisk na udział tych grup w integracji europejskiej.
This article, in discussing the theory of integration, demonstrates the impact of pressure groups n the integration process in the European Union. Among European integration theories, the lost distinguishable are those that focus on the engagement of nation-states in the integration processes as well as those that emphasise the importance of extra-national institutions in such processes. The latter theories recognise the contribution of pressure groups in deepening integration. According to historical chronology, these include: federalism, functionalism and neo-functionalism, multi-level governance and the concept of "extra-nationality". Theoretical work of late focuses increasing attention on the problem of democracy deficit in the European Union. Resolution of this problem is a pre-condition for continued progress in the integration of EU countries.The theoretical concepts presented in this work demonstrate that many actors take part in European Union integration processes and that extra-national pressure groups play an increasingly significant role. (original abstract)
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