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2005 | nr 58 | 184--193
Tytuł artykułu

kapitał społeczny a socjologia gospodarcza

Warianty tytułu
Social Capital and Economic Sociology
Języki publikacji
The article underlines that in the analysis of economic, social and cultural phenomena one can speak about the "social capital" as a phenomenon of the new economics. This concept frequently includes various distant spheres of social and economic reality. For example: P. Runia crams the sphere of social relations on the labour market into social capital Das sociale Kapital auf dem Arbeitsmarkt. Beziehungen in Stellensuche, treating these relations - "Beziehungen" as "vitamin B" which provokes negative associations of the existence and emergence of corruption. W. Matiaske, in turn, in his article " Soziales Kapital in Organisationen. Eine tauschtheore-tische Studies" indicates that a social organization takes advantage of the social capital of its actors because it assures a social network of the circulation of information, coordinating activities and making cooperation possible. Finally, Karl Vodrazka in his work "Kraftfahrzeuge und Sozialkapital. Steuerliche Belastung und optimale Gestaltungsmoglichkeiten nach dem 2 Abgabenanderungsgesetz 1997" states that even material goods, which include commercial vehicles, functioning under new tax burdens, also constitute the social capital. In conclusion it is stated that although social capital introduces new problems into economic sociology concerning e.g. interactions between partners, social relations between individuals or societies on the grounds of mutual confidence or material relations, these are rather subjective categories dealt with by psychologists. This is also confirmed by determinants specified by Wojciech Dyduch in his article " Social capital of organizations as food for entrepreneurship and inno-vativeness" , namely : a) participation in networks, b) mutuality , c) confidence, d) social norms (informal or unwritten), e) community, f) pro-activity (willingness to get involved). Each science can be developed above all on the grounds of appropriate terminology and have extensive methodology and theory. These principles cannot be found in considerations on the social capital. Thus it is a category useful for social practice. Despite this, introduction of new problems concerning social capital and efforts to systematize it can be a valuable material for the further development of economic sociology because the exchange of thoughts between an economic practitioner and a theoretician may reveal new problems and new approaches to the complex and changeable reality. (original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • J. S. Coleman, Grundlagen der Sozialtheorie, Bd. 1, München: Oldenbourg, s. 396.
  • J. S. Coleman, Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital, w: AJS 94, Supplement, s. 95.
  • T., Niektóre zagadnienia socjologii ogólnej, w: Studia Socjologiczne, PWN, Warszawa 1970.
  • W. Matiaske, Soziales Kapital in Organisationen. Eine tauschtheoretische Studie, w: Empirische Personal- und Organisationsforschung, Band 12, München und Mering 1999.
  • P. Bourdieu, Zur Soziologie der symbolischen Formen, Frankfurt a/M 1970.
  • D. Krakhardt, i J. R. Hanson, Informelle Netze - die heimlichen Kraftquellen, Harward Businessmanager 1994, no. 16, s. 16-24.
  • K. Vodrazka, Kraftfahrzeuge und Sozialkapital..., Wien, 1978.
  • H. Lexa, Das Sozialkapital nach dem 2 Abgabenänderungsgesetz 1977 (BGBl. Nr. 645' 1977), in betriebswirtschaftlicher Sicht, w: K. Vodrazka, Kraftfahrzeuge und Sozialkapital..., s. 53.
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