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2016 | vol. 14, nr 2 (60), t. 2 Methods of Survey Analysis in Management | 40--60
Tytuł artykułu

How to Measure Employment Status and Occupation in Analyses of Survey Data?

Warianty tytułu
Jak mierzyć status zatrudnienia i pozycję zawodową w analizach danych sondażowych?
Języki publikacji
Artykuł przedstawia zagadnienia związane z uwzględnianiem statusu zatrudnienia i pozycji zawodowej w analizach danych sondażowych. Tekst prezentuje kategorie statusu zatrudnienia według Międzynarodowej Organizacji Pracy (ILO) oraz omawia ich wewnętrzne zróżnicowanie i ewentualne nakładanie się kategorii. Ponadto artykuł przedstawia Międzynarodową Standardową Klasyfikację Zawodów (ISCO) oraz komentuje przydatność tej klasyfikacji w badaniach społecznych. Wreszcie - tekst prezentuje skale (prestiżu i społeczno-ekonomiczną) oraz klasyfikacje (EGP oraz ESeC). Zagadnienia poruszone w tekście są zilustrowane przykładami pytań i danych z dużych międzynarodowych sondaży, takich jak Europejski Sondaż Społeczny (ESS), European Values Study oraz Międzynarodowy Program Sondaży Społecznych (ISSP). (abstrakt oryginalny)
This article presents issues relevant for including employment status and occupational position in analyses of survey data. It describes the employment statuses distinguished by International Labour Organization (ILO) and discusses their internal heterogeneity and possible overlaps. Further, it presents the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) and discusses its usefulness for social research. It finishes with the presentation of scales (prestige and socio-economic status) and classifications (EGP and ESeC). The discussion is illustrated by examples of questions and data from large international surveys, such as the European Social Survey, the European Values Study, and the International Social Survey Program. (original abstract)
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