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2011 | 3 Selected Problems of the Contemporary World Economy | 7--27
Tytuł artykułu

Social and Economic Preconditions of the Migration Processes in Ukraine

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Społeczno-ekonomiczne przesłanki procesów migracyjnych na Ukrainie
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
W rozdziale tym przedstawiono analizę sytuacji społeczno-gospodarczej na Ukrainie w kontekście badań migracyjnych. Zastosowano najważniejsze mierniki rozwoju społeczno-ekonomicznego Ukrainy. Po pierwsze, wskaźnik rozwoju ludzkiego HDI, PKB per capita, poziom bezrobocia, a następnie analizie poddano wielkość i strukturę emigracji w kontekście regionalnym. Ukazano również prawne aspekty regulacji migracyjnej na Ukrainie. Okres badawczy objął lata 1990-2009.(abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
Ukraine experienced several political and economic crises leading to societal disruptions; emigration rates reached record-high levels; immigration started to set in first abruptly (return migration) and then increased gradually and at lower levels. Combined effects of a reduction in the birth rate, an increase in the death rate, and the state and access to the health care system in the country as well as a negative rate of net-migration, has led to a substantial decrease in Ukrainian population. Low income levels; a rapidly ageing society; a well-organised education system that mismatches the demands of the labour market as well as dominating social issues of corruption and crime are main social phenomena in contemporary Ukraine.(fragment of text)
Twórcy
autor
  • University of Szczecin, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Aksyonova S.Y., Paradox of Current Birth Giving Activity Problem in Ukraine, "Journal Demography and Social Economy" 2007, No. 2.
  • According to the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on Migration, http://gska2.rada.gov.ua/pls/site/p_deputat?d_id=9990, accessed on 18/04/2010.
  • Bilan Y., Lapshyna I. Vdovtsova S., Vollmer B., Justification of Selection of Regions, Eumagine Project, Oxford: Centre on Migration, Policy and Society, 2010.
  • Brytchenko S., Ukrainian Citizenship: Trends and Prospects, "Uryadovy Kuryer", 5 August 2004.
  • Diivell, F., Vollmer B., Irregular Migration in and from the Neighbourhood of the EU - A comparison of Morocco, Turkey and Ukraine, Oxford: Centre on Migration Policy and Society (COMPAS), http://clandestino.eliamep.gr/category/irregular-migration-transit-countries/, accessed 01/10/2010
  • Global Property Guide, 2008, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/, accessed 20/5/2010.
  • Heyts V., Danylenko A., Zhulinski M., Libanova E., Onishenko O., Socio-economic Situation in Ukraine: Consequences for People and the State: National Report, Kiev 2009.
  • http://mvs.gov.ua/mvs/control, accessed on 19/04/2010.
  • Human Development Report 2009, http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/ country_fact_sheets/cty_fs_UKR.html, accessed 21/5/2010.
  • IMF, Ukraine: Request for Stand-by Arrangement-Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion, and Statement by the Executive Director for Ukraine, IMF Country Report No. 08/384, http://www.imf org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2008/cr08384.pdf, accessed 01/10/2010.
  • Makarova O.V., Demographic Policy: Present Realities and Perspectives, "Journal Demography and Social Economy" 2007, No. 1.
  • Malynovska O., Trans-border Migration of the Population of the Ukrainian Western Frontier Areas in the Context EU Enlargement, Reports & Analyses 6/06, Warsaw: Centre for International Relations.
  • Markov I., About 4.5 million Ukrainian Work Abroad - excerpt's data, (in ukr.) 3a кopдoнoм пpaцює 4,5 млн yкpaїнцiв - eкcпpepтнi дaнi, http:// novynar.com.ua/politics/24701, accessed 5/6/2010.
  • National Census 2001: http://www.ukrcensus.gov.ua/results/general/nationality/city_kyiv/, accessed 1/5/2010.
  • Natural population growth of Ukrainę since 1950, http://demoscope.ru/ weekly/ias/ias05.php?tim=0&cou=32&terr= 1&ind= 1&Submit=OK, accessed 5/5/2010.
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  • Poznyak A. V., Labour Emigration from Ukraine as a Factor of the Labour Markets Development, "Demoskop Weekly" 2010.
  • Pozniak, O.V., The Problems of the Ukraine Migration Policy Development in the Contemporary Conditions, "Journal Demography and Social Economy" 2009, No. 1(11).
  • Presidential Decree on January 18, 2001, No. 22/2001.
  • State Statistics Committee of Ukraine: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/, accessed 1/4/2010.
  • Tolstokorova A., Costs and Benefits of Labour Migration for Ukrainian Tran-snational Families: Connection or Consumption, http://urmis.revues.org/ index868.html, accessed on 20/04/2010.
  • UNDP, Human development index trends, Human Development Report 2009, http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/indicators/81.html, accessed 1/4/2010.
  • Ukraine: an overview of Ukrainian labour market, Project "Review of Labour Market of the Black Sea Region", European Education Fund, Kiev 2009.
  • Vlasuk O., Quality of life in Ukraine: Contemporary Condition and Tendencies http://www.niss.gov.ua/book/Vlasyuk_mon/06-3.pdf, accessed 12/06/2010.
  • World Bank, Ukraine Economic Update, http://siteresources.worldbank. org/INTUKRAINE/Resources/Macro_update_090407_e_final.pdf, 10/10/2010.
  • www.ukrstat.gov.ua; http://www.bank.gov.ua/kurs/last_kursl.htm, accessed 5/5/2010.
  • www.ukrstat.gov.ua, accessed 5/5/2010.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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