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2019 | 104 | nr 160 | 149--169
Tytuł artykułu

Behavioral Aspects of Auditing and the Auditor's Decision-Making as a Key Cognitive Process in the Case of Fraud

Warianty tytułu
Aspekty behawioralne audytu i podejmowania decyzji przez audytora jako kluczowy proces poznawczy w przypadku nadużyć finansowych
Języki publikacji
Oszustwo dla organizacji jest rodzajem choroby. Jedną z kluczowych osób, której zadaniem jest wykrycie oszustwa jest audytor. Wykryte nadużycie jest najbardziej stresującym przypadkiem i dlatego określono pisemnie standardy postępowania. Zgodnie z nimi, audytor powinien mieć wystarczająco dużo "zawodowego sceptycyzmu", który wpływa na jego sposób myślenia i działania. Celem artykułu jest ukazanie behawioralnego aspektu audytu i poznanie, w jaki sposób cechy poznawcze procesu decyzyjnego mogą pomóc audytorom w wykrywaniu i badaniu oszustwa. Badania te są oparte na analizie i interpretacji literatury przedmiotu. Wnioskiem płynącym z badań jest to, że proces poznawczy odgrywa kluczową rolę w audycie, ponieważ procesy osądu i podejmowania decyzji są podstawowymi procesami poznawczymi. W przypadku wykrycia oszustwa, zgodnie z teorią kognitywną, audytor przywołuje ostatnie doświadczenia w zakresie wykrywania oszustw, formułuje osąd, a następnie podejmuje decyzję opartą na doświadczeniu. Dla znalezienia najlepszego rozwiązania w danej sprawie istotna może być wymiana doświadczeń i opinii między audytorami. (abstrakt oryginalny)
Fraud is like a disease for organizations. One of the key people meant to detect fraud is the auditor. A detected fraud is the most stressful case, and therefore, there are written standards of actions. According to professional standards, an auditor should have enough "professional skepticism", which should help to organize his way of thinking and his actions. However, even such organized people are only people; human nature influences their behavior. The aim of the paper is to show the behavioral aspect of auditing and to find out how cognitive characteristics of decision-making could help auditors detect and investigate fraud. This theoretical research is a theory-driven interpretative literature review, based on a synthesis of the academic literature. The key finding of the research is that the cognitive process plays a key role in auditing because processes of judgment and decision-making are basic cognitive processes. When fraud is detected, according to cognitive theory, the auditor recalls the last experience of fraud detection, forms a judgment, and then makes a decision based on this experience. Trying to provide the best solution for the case, it could be relevant to share the experience and opinions among auditors. (original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
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  • Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia
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